Guar gum is a polysaccharide that acts as a thickener, emulsifier, and stabilizer in cosmetic formulations. Guar gum has 8 times the water-thickening potency of cornstarch, only a small amount is needed to increase the viscosity of a product (.5%-1%). It is slowly added to cool, warm or hot water to increase the viscosity.
The unique characteristic of guar gum, when compared to other thickeners, is that guar gum does not require heat to thicken an aqueous solution.Precaution should be taken of not using Guar gum in recipes containing calcium or borax. A couple of recipes use guar gum and xanthum gum together to increase the viscosity of lotions and creams, here ,Guar gum acts as a stabilizer and prevents most solid particles from settling in finished products. Guar gum is considered an acceptable alternative for gelatin and is vegan. In most of the scenario, one ounce of guar gum is equal to 6 ounces of gelatin ( the amounts vary according to the recipe).
Use in cosmetics, soaps, among others
The food grade gum is considered as the best thickening, stabilizing and emulsifying additive and its ability to suspend solids, control the viscosity of aqueous solutions, bind water via hydrogen and form strong films are few of its uses.
For commercial production, the guar gum seeds are cleaned and soaked for pre-hydration. The soaked splits are then flaked and grounded into powder and dried.
Guar Gum Powder use in Cosmetics
The highest grade guar gum powder and the latest processing techniques are used in cosmetics to ensure that the powder is of high quality and non-allergic for all kinds of skins. Guar gum is a non-toxic emulsifier that binds to liquids and when put in water, for instance, forms a thick, paste-like consistency. It is this property that makes it such an economical thickening agent in the cosmetic industry.
Face masks are made from natural ingredients that nourish, cleanse and increase elasticity. Guar gum is much important input as other cosmetic ingredients such as spring water, olive oil and glycerin. With its excellent conditioning properties, it contributes towards hair and skin softness and assists in hair detangling.
Guar gum powder is extensively used in the manufacture of toothpaste. It ensures that the paste is extruded from the tube without any pressure. It is ideal for use in emulsified systems such as lotions and creams as a protective colloid, to increase emulsion stability and prevent water loss and syneresis. The use of a natural preservative such as guar gum also increases the shelf life of skin care products.
In homemade natural deodorants, A mixture of guar gum and aloe -vera gel along with essential oils can give you a non-toxic, effective deodorant. it is used broadly in the cosmetic industry to manufacture lipsticks, shampoos, face masks and conditioners as it is a non- toxic emulsifier that binds liquids and forms a thick material.
The Safety of Guar Gum Powder for Cosmetics Tried and Tested
The demand for natural and safe products has increased the demand for an organic emulsifier such as guar gum powder. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) include guar gum on its list of ingredients which are ‘Generally Recognized as Safe’ (GRAS). It is now a well-accepted fact that CyamopsisTetragonoloba (guar) is completely safe when used in cosmetic and personal care products.
Guar gum, loaded with both nutritional and medicinal properties, has enjoyed a massive increase in demand. The pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry makes heavy use of it as it is natural, plant-based product and also eco – friendly as compared to synthetic ingredients.